The Gender Gap: where India stands

India's gender gap, compared to the best and the worst in the world

Peter Griffin
Published: 18, Nov 2014

I handle the 'Life' section of Forbes India. In previous lives, I was an advertising creative director, voice-over artist, RJ, TV host, web producer and content architect, freelance travel writer, columnist, and consultant to NGOs. I've been blogging since 2003, and co-founded the South-East Asia Tsunami & Earthquake and Mumbai Help blogs (which, with other similar initiatives later became the WorldWideHelp group), and the writers’ community, Caferati. I'm a keen student of collaboration and online culture. I also co-curated the Literature section of the Kala Ghoda Arts Festival from 2006 to 2012. Aside from Twitter (link below), you could also follow me on Facebook or Google+.

Our article on the World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Report 2014 looked briefly at India's position. There's a lot more, of course, and below, we have a few more details on how India fared against the rest of the word on the individual counts that the report covered.

The names of the best performing countries in each category are in green, and the worst performers are in red. India, unless best or worst itself, is in black text.

Economic Participation & Opportunity

 

Labour force participation F M F:M ratio Rank
Malawi 85 81 1.05 1
India 30 84 0.36 130
Syria 14 76 0.19 142

 

Wage equality Survey data F:M ratio Rank
Burundi 5.81 0.83 1
India 3.9 0.56 109
Angola 2.83 0.4 131

 

Estimated earned income F M F:M ratio Rank
Denmark 43,316 42,226 1.03 1
India 1,980 8,087 0.24 135
Algeria 3,669 22,127 0.17 139

 

Legislators, senior officials & managers F M F:M ratio Rank
Jamaica 59 41 1.46 1
India
Yemen 2 98 0.02 125

 

Professional & technical workers F M F:M ratio Rank
Belarus 73 27 2.66 1
India
Fiji 9 91 0.1 124

 

Educational Attainment

 

Literacy rate F M F:M ratio Rank
Lesotho 85 66 1.3 1
India 51 75 0.68 126
Guinea 12 37 0.33 141

 

Enrolment in primary education F M F:M ratio Rank
Guyana 76 67 1.13 1
India 84 87 0.97 117
Angola 74 97 0.77 137

 

Enrolment in secondary education F M F:M ratio Rank
Lesotho 41 26 1.57 1
India 0.79 116
Chad 5 16 0.33 125

 

Enrolment in tertiary education F M F:M ratio Rank
Qatar 37 5 6.76 1
India 20 26 0.78 111
Chad 1 4 0.24 138

 

Health & Survival

 

Sex ratio at birth Male Female Rank
Kazakhstan 0.94 1.06 1
India 1.12 0.89 139
Vietnam 1.12 0.89 139
Armenia 1.14 0.88 142

 

Healthy life expectancy F M F:M ratio Rank
Syria 65 55 1.18 1
India 58 56 1.04 95
Qatar 66 68 0.97 142

 

Political Empowerment

 

Women in parliament F M F:M ratio Rank
Rwanda 64 36 1.76 1
India 11 89 0.13 111
Yemen 0 100 0 136
Qatar 0 100 0 137

 

Women in ministerial positions F M F:M ratio Rank
Nicaragua 57 43 1.33 1
India 9 91 0.1 107
Brunei Darussalam 0 100 0 138
Lebanon 0 100 0 138
Pakistan 0 100 0 138
Saudi Arabia 0 100 0 138

 

Years with female head of state F M F:M ratio Rank
India *21 29 0.72 1
Ireland 21 29 0.71 2
Bangladesh 21 29 0.7 3
Only 49 other countries, of 144, have had a woman head of state in the last 50 years.
*WEF has included both Indira Gandhi’s years as Prime Minister and Pratibha Patil’s year’s as President to arrive at this figure. In reply to our email pointing out that head of state and head of government are separate entities in India, a WEF spokesperson replied:

The abbreviation “female head of state” is used to describe an elected female head of state or head of government as per the Report notes. While the head of state position may be ceremonial in function, based on an extensive literature review when developing the index methodology, we decided to count such roles when based on a democratic process, in order to take into account the “role model effect”. An example similar to India would be Ireland.

 

The full Global Gender Gap Report 2104 can be downloaded here.

  • Joy

    India’s performance on gender diversity in the workplace continues to be lowest in Asia. http://www.communitybusiness.org/images/cb/publications/2014/GDBA_07Executive_Summary_2014__for_pub.pdf http://www.communitybusiness.org/library/News/2014/20141028_GDBA2014_PressRelease_India.pdf

    on Nov 19, 2014
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