Australian casinos are all-in on Chinese. Last year, for the first time, the Lucky Country welcomed more than 1 million Chinese visitors, many eager to try their luck on trips for business, visiting relatives or sightseeing. The Chinese, particularly high rollers, have buoyed Australian casinos even as Macau’s ‘VIP’ gambling revenue has been cut in half.
President Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption crackdown that’s devastated Macau may have initially helped Australia, but the game is changing. Now, as elsewhere, it’s shifting to resort attractions for a wider market, with two big domestic rivals leading the chase.
Those would be Crown Resorts, 53 percent owned by billionaire James Packer, and The Star Entertainment Group, formerly Echo Entertainment, which grew out of the old Tabcorp state gambling franchise. A distant third player in most counts of the Aussie action is SkyCity, with properties in Adelaide and Darwin and three in New Zealand.
The groundwork for this battle was laid in a three-year run during which the key Aussie casino operators racked up 58 percent gains in their ‘international commission business’ betting volume—to $92 billion by fiscal year 2015, which ended that June. Morgan Stanley estimates that by then Australia had 8 percent of the world’s VIP gambling revenue, or casino win.
“Players from all Asia regions, particularly Chinese players, have provided the growth in the market and made up for any falls from local players in what’s been a tough Australian economy in recent years,” says Global Market Advisors partner Shaun McCamley, formerly a senior casino executive in Australia and east Asia.
Australia’s Chinese visitor count doubled between 2011 and 2015 and is still rising—up 23 percent in June from the year-ago month. In the 12 months to June, China surpassed neighbouring New Zealand as Australia’s leading source of visitors, though it is at least five flying hours more distant. China also leads in visitor spending, up 38 percent last year to A$8.9 billion.
Growing ties are a factor: Chinese immigration and students in Australian universities, property purchases and closer business links bolstered by a bilateral free trade agreement in force since December. And tourist-friendly policies include easing visa rules and choosing China for a trial programme allowing travellers to purchase expedited entry processing at airports.
So the stage is set for a renewed battle for gambling revenues as part of a wider ‘integrated resorts’ competition. The image of a safe place with outdoor beauty, good food and wine and plenty of water sports is powerful in China. “In other parts of the world, destinations talk about building non-gaming attractions. In Australia, we have them in place naturally,” a Star spokesman says.
Crown leads Australia’s casino market, in part because it actively pursued Asian gamblers from the launch of Crown Melbourne in 1993. It says more than a third of its Australian revenue comes from international visitors, including “a significant proportion from China”. Marketing consultant Sudhir Kale, also a professor at the Gold Coast’s Bond University, says 60 percent of players at Crown Melbourne are Asian, predominantly ethnic Chinese—though this can include domestic residents—and among its top 200 players, only one is not Asian.
Following Macau’s gambling liberalisation in 2002, Crown and Melco International, controlled by Lawrence Ho, formed Melco Crown, building three Macau casino properties, plus City of Dreams Manila. Crown announced in May that it would reduce its Melco Crown stake from 34 percent to 27 percent—but it is finding plenty of Chinese action at home.
Crown is investing $2.8 billion in its Australian properties, including a “six-star” hotel opening later this year at Crown Perth. Crown Melbourne, currently with 1,600 rooms, plans to add 400 rooms “to meet future visitor demand, particularly from China,” the company tells Forbes Asia. In June, Crown received final government approval for a $2.8-billion resort on Sydney Harbour at Barangaroo, expected to open in 2021 with frontline staff who speak Mandarin.
Crown Sydney will end the local monopoly of Star’s flagship property. Star made notable inroads into the Asian VIP market after the elevation of insider Matt Bekier to CEO in early 2014, with former Macau executive Greg Hawkins becoming Star’s general manager in Sydney. Last year Star beat Crown in a contest to redevelop Brisbane’s Queen’s Wharf district, home to Star’s Treasury Casino, located in a historic building that restricts expansion and hospitality options. The A$3 billion project includes moving the casino to a curved waterfront complex that evokes comparisons with Singapore’s iconic Marina Bay Sands. Perhaps as important, Star’s Brisbane partners are Hong Kong billionaire Cheng Yu-tung’s Chow Tai Fook Enterprises—a private arm of the family conglomerate that includes the eponymous jewellery retailer and hotels—and Far East Consortium, also of Hong Kong and a property developer with a ‘Chinese wallet’ strategy that’s very active in Australia.
“The Chinese partnership is of enormous import for Star, not only for access to capital but for networks in China,” consultant Kale says. Thanks to Far East’s links to leading mainland tour agency China Travel Service (CTS), Star is negotiating travel deals with CTS and seeking its advice on hotel branding for upcoming projects.
Star’s Jupiters Gold Coast, 70km south of Brisbane, is undergoing an A$345 million face-lift that includes refurbishing its nearly 600 rooms and building an all-suite hotel to open in 2018, aimed at raising Jupiters’ international appeal. That investment plan came as Queensland’s government offered new casino licences for multi-billion dollar integrated resort projects. In 2014, Queensland selected China’s state-linked ASF Group’s A$7.5 billion Broadwater, centered on a cruise ship terminal in Gold Coast, and Aquis, an A$8.2 billion project near Cairns and the Great Barrier Reef in far northern Queensland.
Aquis is the brainchild of Tony Fung, former chairman of Hong Kong’s Sun Hung Kai Securities and scion of another property-development fortune. Both resort proposals have faced environmental and other challenges, including the recent slowdown in VIP revenue on which they would depend.