Air scare: Why isn't India's pollution emergency a poll issue?

A latest study of the world's most polluted cities finds seven of the top 10, and 22 of the top 30, are in India

Published: Mar 12, 2019

g_113789_air_pollution_280x210.jpgImage: Parveen Kumar / Hindustan Times via Getty Images


g_113791_polluted_cities_280x210.jpg
Seven of the 10 most pollutedcities in the world with unhealthy air quality levels are in India. These are Gurugram, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Bhiwadi, Noida, Patna and Lucknow. Delhi is at number 11 followed by five other Indian cities from ranks 11 to 16, according to data compiled by IQAir Air Visual, in collaboration with Greenpeace Southeast Asia, in the first week of March.

A separate study conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute, released in the same week, shows that air pollution from crop burning costs North India more than $30 billion annually, and increases the risk of acute respiratory infections three times.

The data is worrying, but why is India still working on half-hearted measures to tackle the crisis? “The basic reason is that we don’t die the moment we breathe polluted air—as a result, the public has not realised the impact of the slow poison, and not risen for our ‘right to breathe’,” says Sunil Dahiya, clean air campaigner, Greenpeace. “Politicians lack the will to prioritise pollution because they think the public doesn’t care much.”

g_113793_pollution_280x210.jpg
There have been attempts at addressing the issue, by both the courts and the local government, but they have not seen much on-ground impact. “They have only been partially implemented and achievements are hardly significant,” says Rumi Aijaz, senior fellow, Observer Research Foundation. “In the NCR, government agencies are relying heavily on the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) whenever air quality deteriorates. Yet, some of the measures recommended in GRAP are difficult to apply.”

Most analysts say pollution may worsen in coming years. Pujarini Sen of Greenpeace India says: “We have enough research suggesting the way towards a breathable India, but is there enough political will to fight the health emergency India faces today?”

(This story appears in the 29 March, 2019 issue of Forbes India. You can buy our tablet version from Magzter.com. To visit our Archives, click here.)

Show More
Post Your Comment
Required
Required, will not be published
All comments are moderated
The paradox that is Indian aviation
If Wimbledon doesn't motivate you, you can go and watch movies: Vijay Amritraj