What can’t be measured, can’t be improved. That was the spirit behind our effort to gather data on how much listed firms are spending on CSR currently. It turned out to be one of the most difficult exercises we have undertaken. Despite reaching out to them individually, we realised that there are many, even among the top 100 firms by revenue, who don’t report their CSR spends or even declare the social causes they support. That’s because they aren’t required to do so by law. But all that will change when the new Companies Bill (which has already been passed by the Lok Sabha) becomes a law, possibly by the end of the year.
This data pack, compiled by CSRidentity.com, together with Forbes India, is still revealing enough, as it tells you how much each company will have to fork out on CSR, once they are bound by law.
“India’s top companies are ranked 1-100 based on Net Sales for the Financial Year 2012”
NOTABLE WORK BY SOME COMPANIES Ashok Leyland
Operates a FunBus in Chennai and New Delhi. This bus, equipped with a hydraulic lift, takes differently abled children and those from orphanages and corporation primary schools on a day’s picnic. The company also runs AIDS awareness and prevention programmes in its Hosur factories for about 3.5 lakh drivers.Axis Bank
The Axis Bank Foundation runs Balwadis which are learning places for children living in large urban slum clusters. It also conducts skill development programmes (PREMA and Yuva Parivartan) in motor driving, welding, mobile repairing, tailoring etc, for the youth in backward districts. Bharat Petroleum Corporation
Its rain water harvesting project Boond, in association with the Oil Industries Development Board, selects draught-stricken villages to turn them from ‘water-scarce to water-positive’. Some of BPCL’s other social programmes include adoption of villages, prevention and care for HIV/AIDS and rural health care. Hindalco Industries
Its CSR activities are concentrated in 692 villages and 12 urban slums, where it reaches out to about 26 lakh people. It has constructed check dams, ponds and bore wells to provide safe drinking water. In education, it awards scholarships to students from the rural schools it support. Its other interests include women’s empowerment and health care, in which it treats patients in hospitals, runs medical camps and operates rural mobile medical van services. Indian Oil Corporation
It runs the Indian Oil Foundation (IOF), a non-profit trust, which works for the preservation and promotion of the country’s heritage. IOCL also offers 150 sports scholarships every year to promising youngsters. Some of its other initiatives lie in the domains of clean drinking water, education, hospitals and health care.
The Infosys Science Foundation, set up in 2009, gives away the annual Infosys Prize to honour outstanding achievements in the fields of science and engineering. The company supports causes in health care, culture and rural development. In an interesting initiative undertaken by it, 100 school teachers in Karnataka, who were suffering from arthritis, underwent free surgery as a part of a week-long programme.Mahindra & Mahindra
Nanhi Kali, a programme run by the KC Mahindra Education Trust, supports education of over 75,000 underprivileged girls. The trust has awarded grants and scholarships to 83,245 students so far. In vocational training, the Mahindra Pride School provides livelihood training to youth from socially and economically disadvantaged communities. M&M also works for causes related to environment, health care, sports and culture.Oil & Natural Gas Corporation
It offers community-based health care services in rural areas through 30 Mobile Medicare Units (MMUs). The ONGC-Eastern Swamp Deer Conservation Project works to protect the rare species of Easter Swamp Deer at the Kaziranga National Park in Assam. ONGC also supports education and women empowerment.Tata Consultancy Services
Its Computer Based Functional Literacy (CBFL) initiative for providing adult literacy has already benefitted 1.2 lakh people. The programme is available in nine Indian languages. Besides adult education, TCS also works in the areas of skill development, health care and agriculture.Tata Steel
It comes out with the Human Development Index (HDI), a composite index of health, education and income levels, to assess the impact of its work in rural areas. Health care is one of its main concerns. The Tata Steel Rural Development Society aims to improve agricultural productivity and raise farmers’ standard of living.WHAT COUNTS AS CSR
According to the Companies Bill, the following activities can be included in CSR: Eradication of hunger and poverty, promotion of education and gender equality, empowerment of women, reduction in child mortality and improvement in maternal health, combat of HIV and other diseases, environmental sustainability, vocational training, contribution to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund or any other fund set up by the Central or state governments, welfare of SC/STs and OBCs. The list is likely to grow as the exact provisions of the Bill are still being debated.
- All figures are in Rs Crore and have been rounded off to the nearest decimal point
- Avg PAT refers to the average of profit after tax recorded by a company in the last three financial years (FY10, FY11 and FY12)
- NA stands for data ‘not available’ for companies which do not disclose their CSR spends in their annual reports
- Revenue figures are indicative of the company’s financial performance in financial year 2011-12 (FY12) only
- 2% of PAT refers to the amount that a company needs to spend in CSR activities as per the government mandate
- N/A implies not applicable; according to government policy, loss-making firms don’t need to invest in CSR
- Data Sources Ace Equity; CSRidentity.com; company annual reports; company responses via email
(This story appears in the 22 March, 2013 issue of Forbes India. You can buy our tablet version from Magzter.com. To visit our Archives, click here.)