A Somali ‘internally displaced people’ camp in Dollow, Somalia. Around 1.1 billion people live without a recognised form of identification today. In many cases, their papers—if they ever had papers at all—have been burned, lost or otherwise destroyed. By 2050, the World Bank predicts, over 143 million people across sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America will become climate refugees. Both the private and public sectors are racing to come up with a sustainable way of counting, identifying and connecting the growing population of the global displaced. There’s big money in it. Mastercard, Microsoft, Apple, Palantir and Facebook have all entered the field, betting on everything from biometrics to blockchain, through private ventures as well as controversial partnerships with some of the world’s largest humanitarian agencies.
Data Sources : UNCHR, PewResearch, MercyCorps, MigrantWay