Rural Employment Guarantee
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was launched in February 2006, in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. It covered 200 of the country’s most backward districts, and was later expanded to cover all rural districts. The scheme provides at least 100 days (in a fiscal year) of guaranteed wage employment to every rural household, and aims to enhance livelihood security for the rural poor.
It also aims to build sustainable infrastructure through rural development, such as water conservation, flood prevention and afforestation.