30 Under 30 2024

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

Here's a compilation of difficult terms simplified to help you decode the forthcoming Budget

Published: Jan 24, 2024 10:25:50 AM IST
Updated: Jan 24, 2024 01:15:34 PM IST

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified(File) Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman along with MOS finance ministers at Parliament House ahead of the presentation of the Union Budget 2023-24, on February 1, 2023 in New Delhi, India. Image: Sonu Mehta/Hindustan Times via Getty Images

Every year, on the first of February, the Finance Minister presents the Budget for the upcoming financial year. The Budget brings excitement, fear and hope to the people, but it also leaves much to be analysed and simplified so that the nuances of the Budget can be best understood by a layperson.

The Budget contains many difficult and confusing jargons, which can be tough to comprehend on the first go.

If terms like Vote on Account, fiscal deficit, and Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) confuse you, here's a compilation of such terms simplified to help you decode the forthcoming budget.

Interim Budget

Interim Budget refers to the budget of a government that’s going through a transition period. To put it simply, a budget being presented in an election year is known as an interim budget. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will present an interim budget on February 1, 2024.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

Vote-on-account

A vote-on-account presents an estimate of expenditures to be sanctioned by the exchequer till the budget is passed. It is a grant in advance by the parliament, in respect of the estimated expenditure for a part of the new financial year.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

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Fiscal Deficit

A fiscal deficit arises when a government's expenditures exceed its income. It represents the gap between the total revenue and the total spending of the government, which is typically covered through borrowings by the government.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

Budget Estimates

Budget Estimates refers to the amount of money allocated in the Budget to a particular ministry or scheme for the coming financial year.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

Revised Estimates

Revised Estimates are mid-year estimates based on six months’ actual trends that take into account likely expenditure and receipts for the remaining year.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

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Annual accounts

Annual accounts is the final detailing of a year’s expenditures and receipts once the budget year comes to an end.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT)

MAT is the minimum tax that a company is liable to pay, even if it doesn’t come within the tax-paying bracket.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

Corporate Tax

Corporate Tax refers to the tax paid by corporations or firms on the income they earn.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

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Repo Rate

The repo rate is the interest rate at which commercial banks sell their securities to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to address liquidity shortages or comply with statutory measures. This rate is a key instrument used by the RBI to manage and control inflation.

From interim budget to corporate tax: Budget glossary simplified

Reverse Repo Rate

The reverse repo rate is the interest rate at which the Reserve Bank of India borrows funds from commercial banks. This tool can be employed to regulate and influence the money supply within the country.

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