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Members of the Lok Sabha, decoded by the numbers

Voting trends and election data over the years reveal interesting insights—while the ruling party's victory margin shows decisiveness, for instance, the BJP is yet to dominate in the same way that the Congress did in 1984. Read on for more interactive charts, and what they mean

Published: May 30, 2019 05:09:04 PM IST
Updated: May 30, 2019 06:24:55 PM IST

Victory Margin – all years
The decisiveness of the general elections results 2019 is reflected in the increasing number of candidates winning with a margin greater than 20 percent. In 2009, 61 candidates won with a margin greater than 20 percent. That increased to 163 in 2014 and was at the highest at 213 in 2019. (Click on the individual costituencies in the maps below to know more)

2019

2014

2009

Winners by Gender – all three years
India has elected the highest number of female parliamentarians in the general elections 2019. From 58 in 2009 and 63 female parliamentarians in 2014, now there are 77 of them in Lok Sabha. Additionally, roughly 30 female parliamentarians out of the 77 have won the elections with more than 20 percent winning margin. (Click on the individual costituencies in the maps below to know more)

2019

2014

2009

NOTA Vote – both years
In the 2014 general elections, more than five percent of the voters cast NOTA only in Chhattisgarh's Bastar constituency. In the same year, 3-5 percent voters cast NOTA across 10 constituencies. In the 2019 general elections, Bihar's Gopalganj constituency saw more than five percent voters dismiss all the candidates. The number of constituencies where 3-5 percent voters cast NOTA increased from 10 in 2014 to 15 constituencies. (Click on the individual costituencies in the maps below to know more)

2019

2014

Winners by party – all years
BJP had painted the country saffron with its historic victory, in 303 seats across India. This is a massive jump  from 187 seats that they won in 2009. Numbers show how the grand old party, the Indian National Congress (INC), were decimated, from 206 Lok Sabha seats in 2009 to a measly 52 seats in 2019.

There has been an interesting change in the No. 3 party in the seat tally over the years. In 2009, the Samajwadi Party (SP) won 23 seats, after INC and BJP. But in 2019, it managed to win only five seats. Similarly, in the 2014 general elections, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) won the third highest number of seats: 37. But in 2019, the fractured party, managed to grab on to just one seat. The No. 3 party in 2019 is Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) with 23 seats. (Click on the individual costituencies in the maps below to know more)

2019

2014

2009

Party seat share
Founded in 1980, BJP started off in 1984 with 0.37 percent seat share in Lok Sabha. In 2019, it dominates with 55.9 percent seat share in the current Lok Sabha. In 1984, INC had a mammoth 76.52 percent vote share in the Lok Sabha. Cut to the present, the party's performance is reflecting in its vote share, which is currently reduced to a single digit – 9.59 percent.

 

Party vote share
Even though in most of the data pooled from the Election Commission of India (ECI), BJP's superiority as a national party is visible, in terms of vote share, the party is yet to dominate in the same way as INC did in 1984. In the eighth Lok Sabha in 1984, INC had 48.12 percent vote share, whereas BJP, in its early years had 7.4 percent vote share. The difference in vote share was 40.72 percent.


In 2019, the BJP has managed to get a 37.36 percent vote share and INC is at 19.49 percent. The difference is at 17.9 percent, a much smaller gap. BJP is yet to match the highest vote share received by INC. Interestingly, in 1996, both the parties had almost the same vote share—INC held 25.82 percent, and BJP, 25.59 percent.

 

 

Maps and data courtesy: Lokdhaba, Trivedi Centre for Political Data, Ashoka University


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