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Top 10 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita in 2024

Curious about the richest economies in the world? In this post, we list the top countries by GDP per capita ranking in 2023

Published: May 7, 2024 09:34:00 AM IST
Updated: May 7, 2024 04:25:18 PM IST

Top 10 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita in 2024

When you think of the wealthiest countries in the world, you are probably taking the GDP per capita by country into account. In this article, we list the top 10 richest countries in the world based on GDP per capita, as estimated by International Monetary Fund (IMF). However, if you are watching out for the GDP per capita of China or the GDP per capita of the US, this list may surprise you since the countries to emerge on top are also some of the smallest countries on the map.

Methodology for ranking richest countries in the world

GDP, or the gross domestic product, is a parameter for the value of all goods and services produced in a country. Now, once you divide this number by the number of full-time residents in a country, you get an idea of how rich or poor a country’s general populace is. However, what gives a much more precise idea of the wealth held by a nation is when you also take into account the inflation rates and costs of local products and services.

Considering both factors, we get a figure called the PPP or the purchasing power parity. While this may still not be absolute statistics to accurately rank the richest and poorest countries in the world (for instance, some of the wealthiest countries can be tax havens, which artificially increases their GDPs with wealth generated outside of these countries), the GDP per capita ranking (accounting for PPP) still gets us close to understanding the wealth held by various nations.

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Top 10 economies by GDP per capita ranking 2024

When you go by GDP per capita PPP, these 10 countries come up as the richest as of May 02, 2024:

Country Continent GDP-PPP per capita (in USD)
#1 Luxembourg Europe 143,740
#2 Macao SAR Asia 134,140
#3 Ireland Europe 133,900
#4 Singapore Asia 133,740
#5 Qatar Asia 112,280
#6 United Arab Emirates
Asia 96,850
#7 Switzerland Europe 91,930
#8 San Marino
Europe 86,990
#9 United States North America 85,370
#10 Norway Europe 82,830

While smaller countries like Luxembourg and Singapore benefit from well-regulated financial sectors and tax regimes ideal for foreign investments into their economies, bigger and more powerful countries like the US and China rank lower in the list of wealthiest economies.

Also Read: Top 10 most peaceful countries in the world

Richest countries (by GDP per capita): Rank 11 to 20

Country Continent Population
Guyana South America 80.14 thousand
Denmark Europe 77.64 thousand
Brunei Darussalam Asia 77.53 thousand
Taiwan Province of China Asia 76.86 thousand
Hong Kong SAR Asia 75.13 thousand
Netherlands Europe 74.16 thousand
Iceland Europe 73.78 thousand
Saudi Arabia Asia 70.33 thousand
Austria Europe 69.46 thousand
Sweden Europe 69.18 thousand

 Now, let’s explore each of the top 10 more closely.

Also Read: The top 10 largest economies in the world in 2024

A closer look:  Top 10 economies by GDP per capita ranking 2024

While we know the GDP per capita country-wise for them, let’s see why the top 10 economies from the list above became the richest in the world:


  • GDP: $88.56 billion
  • Population: 639 thousand
Luxembourg is one of the relatively unscathed European countries to come out of the Covid-19 pandemic. The nation is known for using wealth to ensure better living standards, healthcare, and education for the general populace. Further, the country is one of the biggest tourist destinations in the world, with its idyllic castles, abundant greenery, and picturesque canals. It’s also one of the first countries that provided public transport for free while also having highest minimum wage in the world.

Also Read: Top 10 highest-valued currencies in the world in 2024

Macao SAR

  • GDP: $54.68 billion
  • Population: 695,168
Macao SAR is a special administrative region under China, and its wealth mainly emerges from its over 40 casinos, which make it one of the biggest travel destinations around the world. Macao SAR was the first and last European colony post in Asia. Even though Macao took a tremendous hit during the Covid-19 crisis with travel restrictions and frequent lockdowns, the economy is already on its way to rapid economic recovery due to its different capitalist approach, different from mainland laws of China.


  • GDP: $564.02 billion
  • Population: 5.03 million
After the great financial crisis of 2008, Ireland put a lot of effort into reforming its banking industry. It initiated measures like cuts to public-sector wages to get its economy where it is today. Further, Ireland is one of the largest corporate tax havens in the world, with multinational companies (such as Apple, Google, and Microsoft) adding over 50 percent to the Irish economy in recent years.


  • GDP: $525.23 billion
  • Population: 5.45 million
Singapore is one of the world's biggest hubs for businesses and trading centres. The nation has many high-net-worth individuals among its population. The economy has taken a few consecutive hits in recent years, with the pandemic at first and then the Chinese sputtering economy a crucial trading partner for Singapore’s manufacturing sector.


  • GDP: $244.69 billion
  • Population: 2.93 million
Qatar (and also the UAE) are on this list of the top 10 economies by GDP per capita ranking for 2024 benefit largely from their reserves of natural resources. Qatar has the third-largest reserves of gas in the world. Qatar’s oil and natural gas reserves are significantly huge compared to its population, contributing to its high ranking among the richest countries. Qatar is also increasing its economy in other sectors like hosting FIFA 2022 gave a huge boost to Qatar’s tourism and economy.

United Arab Emirates

  • GDP: $527.8 billion
  • Population: 9.99 million
After Turkey and Saudi Arabia, the UAE has the third-largest economy in the Middle East. UAE benefits greatly from its natural resources, but still, there is no permanent river in the country. Only 20 percent of the total population in this region is truly native, the rest being attracted by economic benefits like tax-free salaries. Aside from its hydrocarbon sector, tourism, finance, and construction are lucrative sectors in the UAE. It’s working hard to become a social and cultural hub like hosting the Dubai Expo 2020 (happened in 2021-2022 due to lockdown) and is planning another Expo in 2025.


  • GDP: $938.46 billion
  • Population: 8.70 million
One of the biggest tourist hotspots globally, Switzerland also has a bustling financial sector. The country further benefits from exports of precious metals, precision instruments, and machinery like computers and medical devices. About 74 percent of the Swiss GDP comes from the services sector and 25 percent from industry, with less than one percent from the agricultural sector. Switzerland further has the lowest VAT rate in Europe.

San Marino

  • GDP: $2.3 billion
  • Population: 33,900
San Marino is the oldest republic in Europe and the fifth smallest on the continent. Income tax rates are meagre here, which contributes to the wealth held by citizens. It is one of the few countries in the world that has no National Debt so far until 2023. Being landlocked by Italy, San Marino has quite an influence of Italian culture and is also one of the most picturesque countries boasting tourism, with tourists from around the world visiting the country.

United States

  • GDP: $28.78 trillion
  • Population: 332 million
If you were wondering about GDP per capita US at the beginning, the country definitely makes it to the list of the top 10 economies by GDP per capita PPP, albeit at one of the lower ranks. Along with being a dominant economic entity, America is also powered by its military capacities.


  • GDP: $526.95 billion
  • Population: 5.41 million
Norway is again a top petroleum provider in the Western European territories. The country has made good financial progress after the economy crashed during the Covid-19 crisis. Further, Norway has a $1.3 trillion sovereign wealth fund to deal with any crises urgently, which also happens to be the largest of its kind in the world.

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1. What is the GDP per capita of India?

When it comes to GDP per capita, India records $2,730 GDP per capita (Nominal) and $14,590 GDP per capita (PPP) as of May 2024. As per GDP per capita ranking 2024, this makes India stand at the 129th position out of about 200 countries. When it comes to world GDP rankings, India ranks at 5 after USA, China, Germany and Japan

2. Which country has the lowest GDP per capita?

According to the GDP per capita ranking 2024, South Sudan has a GDP per capita (PPP) of $455.16, making it the poorest country in the world.