Forbes India 15th Anniversary Special

Rain Watch for July 4-10: Monsoon bridges gap, kharif sowing begins

Overall rainfall has improved, turning around to surplus from deficit, while sowing of kharif crops like paddy, cotton, oilseeds and sugarcane show significant jump

Published: Jul 10, 2024 03:25:56 PM IST
Updated: Jul 10, 2024 03:35:16 PM IST

With excess rainfall in almost all the regions over the past week, reservoir levels are likely to improve
Image: Punit Paranjpe / AFPWith excess rainfall in almost all the regions over the past week, reservoir levels are likely to improve Image: Punit Paranjpe / AFP
 
Showers in the beginning of July helped bridge the deficit in overall rainfall this monsoon and improved the sowing of essential kharif crops. However, the excess rainfall also resulted in floods in some regions.
 
From the period June 1 to July 7, rainfall levels are in ‘normal' range on a cumulative basis of 2 percent above the long period average (LPA), as per Barclays analysis of Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) data. This compares to an 11 percent deficit as on June 30. The IMD expects an ‘above normal’ monsoon in July.

With excess rainfall in almost all the regions over the past week, reservoir levels are likely to improve
Image: Punit Paranjpe / AFP
 
“The monsoon trough is active and near to its normal position in lower tropospheric levels,” IMD says. The forecaster estimates isolated extremely heavy rainfall in a few parts of north-eastern India with localised flooding of roads. Damage to horticulture and standing crops in some areas due to inundation, and riverine flooding in some river catchments are also expected.

Also read: Rain Watch for June 27 to July 3: Monsoon picks pace, low water level risky

With excess rainfall in almost all the regions over the past week, reservoir levels are likely to improve
Image: Punit Paranjpe / AFP
 
Sowing has begun in major kharif crops such as paddy, cotton, oilseeds and sugarcane. As of June 28, overall acreage was 24.1 ha mn (around 22 percent of normal area) compared with 18.2 ha mn (million hectares) in the previous year at the same stage. In particular, areas sown with pulses shows a significant jump, which bodes well for the crop this year considering the lower production in 2023.  A major portion of sowing is done in the July and August period. Upcoming weeks will remain crucial in terms of distribution of rainfall and its impact will be reflected on kharif sowing.

With excess rainfall in almost all the regions over the past week, reservoir levels are likely to improve
Image: Punit Paranjpe / AFP
 
With excess rainfall in almost all the regions over the past week, reservoir levels are likely to improve, but may still remain below the historical trend in the near term, unless the current rainfall activity maintains the same intensity, says Barclays.

With excess rainfall in almost all the regions over the past week, reservoir levels are likely to improve
Image: Punit Paranjpe / AFP
 
As of July 4, storage in 150 reservoirs stood at about 22 percent of total capacity, which is slightly higher than the 20 percent in the previous week. This translates to 79 percent of the live storage of the corresponding period of last year and 90 percent of normal storage.

With excess rainfall in almost all the regions over the past week, reservoir levels are likely to improve
Image: Punit Paranjpe / AFP