There’s no mistaking the importance of Indians who live beyond our towns and cities. Comprising 68.8 percent of our population, there’s every chance of them becoming the world’s next billion consuming class—even if for now the road may be a little bumpy. It’s this journey that Forbes India
set out to track in our special package: Beyond Suburbia.
Flat prices for agricultural produce and fewer construction jobs have meant tough times for a bulk of the rural population. After five years of controlling inflation, the government has woken up to slower income growth and, for now, has resorted to cash transfers and loan transfers.
Slower income growth has seen consumers cutting back on items of daily consumption from soaps and toothpastes to hair oil and detergents. Consumer product companies have struggled to maintain growth rates and have resorted to pushing lower priced packs (that bring in lower margins) as well as deepening their distribution reach. They’re fighting with local and regional brands for every inch of market share.
It’s not all gloom and doom. The government has put in place a massive rural housing programme through the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana–Gramin. Along with a gas cylinder, toilet and wages for labour incurred in constructing the house, the scheme aims to build 29.5 million houses by 2022. In South India, Selco Foundation is working on providing electricity for people to operate small enterprises—a ‘Xerox’ shop, flour mills and a health centre. And Avanti Finance is helping construct a lending platform that other microfinance companies can plug into while Kaleidofin helps in inculcating a saving habit.
(This story appears in the 27 September, 2019 issue of Forbes India. To visit our Archives, click here.)