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Paytm turns operationally profitable. But can it sustain the momentum?

After its disastrous IPO, the fintech giant has turned adjusted Ebitda positive nine months before its initial guidance

Varsha Meghani
Published: Feb 14, 2023 04:56:17 PM IST
Updated: Feb 14, 2023 05:21:35 PM IST

Paytm turns operationally profitable. But can it sustain the momentum?Paytm’s core payments services business, which comprises consumers who use its app and merchants’ device subscriptions, rose 43 percent to Rs 1,599 crore, accounting for 78 percent of the total revenue Image: Debarchan Chatterjee/NurPhoto via Getty Images
In the days after Paytm reported its October-December quarter results on February 3, shares of the payments platform shot up 35 percent in four straight sessions. Revenues were up 42 percent from the year-ago quarter, to Rs 20,630 crore.

Importantly, the Noida-based company, which listed on the bourses in November 2021, reported its first-ever quarterly profits: Adjusted Ebitda, that is Ebitda before employee stock option costs—a metric used by all new-age listed firms—stood at Rs 31 crore in Q3FY23, up from a loss of Rs 393 crore in the year-ago period. Adjusted Ebitda margin rose 1.5 percent, from negative 27 percent a year earlier. On a consolidated level, however, Paytm continues to be loss-making, although it has nearly halved its losses to Rs 392 crore in Q3FY23, as against a loss of Rs 779 crore in the year-ago period.

On February 10—the fifth session of trading post the quarterly results—the upward rally came to an abrupt halt. Shares sank 9 percent after Alibaba, the Chinese ecommerce giant and an investor in Paytm since 2015, offloaded its remaining 3.3 percent stake in the company in a block deal worth Rs 1,378 crore, at Rs 642.74 a share. Alibaba, an affiliate of Ant Group, had previously sold roughly 3 percent of its stake in Paytm in January 2023. Ant, however, still holds a 24 percent stake in the fintech firm.

The following week, shares recovered partly, rising 4.4 percent to Rs 679 on the Bombay Stock Exchange on February 13. Although this is 55 percent higher than the low of Rs 438 Paytm’s stock hit in November 2022, a year after listing, the stock is still down two-thirds from its listing price of Rs 2,150 in November 2021.

Yet, analysts are upbeat. Macquarie, the Australian research group that has been Paytm’s biggest critic—hours prior to Paytm’s listing it released a damning note on the fintech major, which triggered a 27 percent slide on its debut—upgraded its rating to “outperform” from “underperform” after the impressive Q3FY23 results. It has raised its target price by 80 percent to Rs 800. Other brokerages, including Citigroup, Goldman Sachs, and CSLA also raised their price targets.

Paytm turns operationally profitable. But can it sustain the momentum?“We see a very visible change in approach of the management to deliver profits as evidenced by core Ebitda profitability reported recently. We were earlier expecting losses to continue but at current rate of revenues and operating leverage kicking in, we expect accounting profits to be delivered by FY26,” said Suresh Ganapathy, a Macquarie analyst, in a note.

Vijay Shekhar Sharma, founder and CEO, Paytm attributed the results to the “relentlessly focussed execution” by the team. Specifically, the focus was on “growth with quality revenues that contribute to the bottom line”, he said in a letter to shareholders.
Growth has been driven by several factors, including merchant subscription revenues and soaring loan growth.

First, Paytm’s core payments services business, which comprises consumers who use its app and merchants’ device subscriptions, rose 43 percent to Rs 1,599 crore, accounting for 78 percent of the total revenue. Paytm has continued to see strong growth in users and merchants: Monthly transacting users (MTUs) grew to 85 million in Q3FY23, up 32 percent from the year-ago quarter. The number of merchants paying subscription fees to use Paytm’s devices grew to 5.8 million in Q3FY23, up from 2 million in the year-ago quarter. Paytm earns more than Rs 100 per month per device, it said.

Also read:  The curious case of the Paytm buyback

More users, whether consumers or merchants, mean more upsell and cross-sell opportunities for Paytm. “Our payments consumer and merchant base offers a large addressable market, thereby providing a long runway for growth,” said Paytm in its exchange filing.

Furthermore, Paytm’s net payments margin, or payments revenue excluding processing costs, more than doubled to Rs 459 crore in Q3FY23 from a year earlier. This too has contributed to positive adjusted Ebitda.

Paytm turns operationally profitable. But can it sustain the momentum?Second, Paytm’s financial services arm, which primarily comprises buy-now-pay-later (BNPL), personal and merchant loans, accounted for 22 percent of the total revenue. The number of such loans distributed through Paytm rose 137 percent to 10.5 million, while the value of loans disbursed soared 357 percent to Rs 9,958 crore in Q3FY23. It was led by a four-fold jump in BNPL loans. Paytm doesn’t lend on its own but does so through its lending partners, earning a 2.5 to 3 percent commission on every loan disbursed through its platform.

Channel checks with some of Paytm’s largest lending partners revealed that the performance of the company’s BNPL loans—which comprise 96 percent of the loans disbursed by volume and 52 percent by value—and personal loans is robust, said Macquarie in its research note.

Paytm said it added 1.4 million new borrowers in the October-December quarter. Despite the scale-up, penetration remains a fraction of its monthly transacting user base: 4 percent of MTU for BNPL loans, 0.8 percent of MTU for personal loans, while merchant loans penetration is at 5.2 percent of device merchants. “This means there is massive headroom to grow in the foreseeable future,” says Sameer Bhise, executive director and lead analyst for the financial and fintech sector at JM Financial.

Paytm turns operationally profitable. But can it sustain the momentum?Moreover, since the loan distribution business is a high-margin one, at around 70 percent, it is the biggest driver of profitability. Its addition, contribution profit is significant, which in turn has helped shore up the adjusted Ebitda. Paytm defines contribution profit as revenue from operations less payment processing charges, promotional cash back and incentive expenses, and logistic, deployment and collection cost of its business.

“The positive adjusted Ebitda figure was led by a sharp expansion in the contribution margin to 51 percent in Q3FY22, as well as a reduction in indirect costs,” says Bhise. “The fundamentals of the business are strong, and we don’t see any red flags per say. With contribution margins sustaining at 50+ percent incrementally, we now expect Paytm to turn profitable by FY26.”

Meanwhile, Sharma’s next milestone is “…becoming a free cash flow generating company”. He’s realised, all too painfully, that only one metric matters to the stock market: Profit.