World's most powerful passport rankings [2023]

Discover the world's most popular passports as per the Henley Passport Index 2023. Find out global passport rankings in 2023

Published: Sep 4, 2023 07:00:58 AM IST
Updated: Sep 4, 2023 05:24:31 PM IST

World's most powerful passport rankings [2023]

In international travel, the power of a passport is not to be underestimated. After all, it almost single-handedly determines the ease with which its holder can cross borders and explore new horizons. The Henley Passport Index is a worldwide list that ranks countries based on their citizens' travel freedom. It offers a detailed summary of the world’s most powerful passports! The Henley Passport Index ranks passports based on the number of countries that their holders can visit without the need for a visa before arrival. The ranking is determined by data provided by the International Air Transport Authority (IATA), which maintains the most extensive and precise database of travel information worldwide.

The Methodology Behind Passport Ranking

The passport ranking in the Henley Passport Index is based on a comprehensive methodology that considers several factors. These include the number of countries a passport holder can access without a visa, the country's diplomatic relations, and its international agreements.

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The Role of International Relations in Passport Power

International relations play a significant role in determining the power of a passport. Countries with strong diplomatic ties and positive international relations often have powerful passports that offer their citizens extensive visa-free access to other countries.

World’s Most Powerful Passports: Passport Rankings 2023

The power of a passport can significantly impact an individual's life, making the Henley Passport Index a valuable resource for understanding global mobility.

The most powerful passports of 2023 include those from countries like Singapore, Germany, Italy, and Spain, offering extensive visa-free travel and seamless global mobility.

The world’s most powerful passports, according to the Henley Passport Index 2023 (as of September 4, 2023), are as follows:

Country Rank Access
Singapore 1 193
Finland 2 190
France 2 190
Germany 2 190
Italy 2 190
Japan 2 190
South Korea 2 190
Spain 2 190
Sweden 2 190
Austria 3 189
Denmark 3 189
Ireland 3 189
Luxembourg 3 189
Netherlands 3 189
United Kingdom 3 189
Belgium 4 188
Malta 4 188
Norway 4 188
Portugal 4 188
Czechia 5 187
New Zealand 5 187
Poland 5 187
Switzerland 5 187
Australia 6 186
Canada 6 186
Greece 6 186
Hungary 6 186
Lithuania 7 185
United States 7 185
Latvia 8 184
Slovakia 8 184
Slovenia 8 184
Estonia 9 183
Iceland 10 182

India Rank in Passport Index

Coming to the India passport ranking as per the Henley Passport Index 2023, India is ranked at the 80th position along with Senegal and Togo, with visa-free access to 57 countries.

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India's passport ranking in the global passport rankings 2023 reflects our global standing and the citizens' ease of access regarding international travel.

World’s Least Powerful Passports in 2023

While some passports open doors to numerous countries, others offer limited travel freedom. The least powerful passports in the Henley Passport Index 2023 have the least travel freedom. Holders of these passports have to go through the process of obtaining a visa before travelling to most countries.

Also Read: Top 10 powerful countries in the world in 2023

The least powerful passports in the world are as follows:

Country Rank Access
India 85 57
Senegal 85 57
Togo 85 57
Equatorial Guinea 86 56
Niger 86 56
Cambodia 87 55
Guinea-Bissau 87 55
Mali 87 55
Vietnam 87 55
Algeria 88 54
Central African Republic 88 54
Chad 88 54
Comoro Islands 88 54
Egypt 88 54
Bhutan 89 53
Jordan 89 53
Angola 90 52
Cameroon 90 52
Burundi 91 51
Congo (Rep.) 91 51
Haiti 91 51
Liberia 91 51
Djibouti 92 50
Laos 92 50
Turkmenistan 92 50
Ethiopia 93 47
Myanmar 93 47
South Sudan 94 46
Congo (Dem. Rep.) 95 45
Nigeria 95 45
Eritrea 96 44
Iran 96 44
Sudan 96 44
Lebanon 97 43
Kosovo 98 42
Libya 99 41
Sri Lanka 99 41
Bangladesh 100 40
North Korea 100 40
Nepal 101 39
Palestinian Territory 102 38
Somalia 103 35
Yemen 103 35
Pakistan 104 33
Syria 105 30
Iraq 106 29
Afghanistan 107 27

Challenges and Implications for Holders of the Least Powerful Passports

Holders of the least potent passports face several challenges, including limited travel opportunities and the need for extensive visa applications. These challenges can significantly impact an individual's life, making the power of a passport a critical factor in global mobility.

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The Power of Asian Passport

Asian countries have dominated the Henley Passport Index for several years now. Countries like Japan, Singapore, and South Korea consistently rank in the top spots among the world’s most powerful passports, offering their citizens visa-free access to many countries. This is a testament to the diplomatic relations these countries have established and maintained with countries worldwide.

Notability, the power of a passport is not only a reflection of the identity and nationality of its holder but also a tool that can provide access to global opportunities, freedom of movement, and an enhanced quality of life.

Also Read: Currency Symbols: List of currency names and symbols around the world


1. Is a US passport strong?

Yes, a US passport is considered vital. It offers visa-free access or visa-on-arrival access to 184 countries as per Henley Passport Index 2023. The exact ranking of the US passport can vary from year to year. Still, it consistently ranks within the top 20 of the powerful passport rankings.

2. Has the US passport lost value?

In the last decade, the US has lost ground in the global passport rankings, and in 2023 it has lost two more spots as compared to 2022. According to global passport rankings 2023, the US now sits at the 8th spot with visa-free access to 184 destinations.

3. How strong is the India passport ranking?

The Henley Passport Index 2023 ranks Indian passport at 80, with visa-free access to just 57 countries. The India passport ranking is admittedly weak compared to the world’s most powerful passports ranked within the top 5. However, the consistently improving global relations may take our nation to stronger passport rankings with every passing year.

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